Secure Email On OSX

There are a few really good articles out there on how to send and receive secure email using Thunderbird and GPG. This small guide will show you how you can use Mail app along with GPG Tools for the same result.

Install GPG Tools

First, head over to and download the latest release. At the time of this article, the latest stable release is 2.1.

To start off on the right foot, before you install it, open up terminal and verify that you've downloaded a package that matches the following signature: ac7a636bfee1027d8f43a12a82eea54e7566dcb8. This can be accomplished with the following commands:

$ cd ~/Downloads
$ shasum GPG\ Suite\ -\ 2013.10.22.dmg
ac7a636bfee1027d8f43a12a82eea54e7566dcb8  GPG Suite - 2013.10.22.dmg

Once you can verify that the dmg file that you've downloaded hasn't been tampered with during transfer, go ahead and open it and run through the install process. This will install the base GPG tools, a graphical key manager and a plugin for Mail.

Create A Key

Next you'll want to create a key. Open the newly installed "GPG Keychain Access" application and click the "New" button to create a key. You'll be prompted for your full name and email address, which you should fill in. Be sure to also check the box to have the public key uploaded once generated. Having accurate information is vital and if this is your first time going through this process. I strongly recommend setting the comment to your website or twitter under the advanced options.

Next, you'll be prompted to set a password for your key. Choose a strong password. Depending on your system, it may take a few moments for the key to be generated after your password is accepted. Don't be alarmed.

Configure Mail

There shouldn't be anything extra needed to send and receive encrypted and or signed email through the Mail app now. In the Mail app preferences is a "GPGMail" section that should indicate that GPGMail is ready for use. It is set to encrypt/sign drafts and sign all new messages by default.

Test Sending Signed Mail

From Mail, create a new message to send to a loved one, friend, coworker or the like. Once you fill in the To, Subject, and Body, ensure that the message is signed by clicking the checkmark box button within the new mail window. If you have Mail configured to sign by default, you may be prompted within a few seconds to give the password for the key.

It is important to note that you can sign outbound email to anyone, but you can only encrypt email messages to people who have given you their public key. This is where the GPG Keychain Access app comes into play.

With the GPG Keychain Access app you can also import key files given to you and search for keys for people you may know. If someone sends you their public key you can use the "import" feature to load the key into your keyring. Alternatively, if you know the email address or name, you can attempt to search for keys associated with them on public key servers.

When composing emails to addresses that have public keys associated with them, you'll have the option of encrypting the email messages being sent. If you don't have any other public keys in your key ring, you can test this by sending an encrypted email to yourself.


Guard your private key. It is critical that you ensure your private key is safe and secure. For everyday use, keeping it on a personal, non-public computer is probably enough. If you feel that a computer that has your private key on it has been compromised, infected by a virus or malware, etc then you revoke the key and create a new one.

Find a thumbdrive that you don't use and back up your keyring to it. This should also include a revocation certificate. A revocation certificate will allow you to revoke the key if the key is lost or compromised.

When backing up your private key, consider using symmetric encryption using a password to encrypt the backup file. This can be done with GPG using the following command:

$ cd /Volumes/thumbdrive
$ gpg --output --symmetric

When you need to decyrpt your backup, you can use the following command:

$ gpg --output -d

When publishing your key on your blog or website, you can export a plain text version of your key that can be read as text and imported easily using the following command:

gpg --armor --export

The output of that command can be placed inside of a pre block as-is. It is the most direct way to share your key wih someone viewing your blog or website. An alternative would be to create a small signature block telling people how to find your key.

$ gpg --fingerprint
pub   4096R/4F96B2E4 2013-06-15
      Key fingerprint = 9530 23D8 48C3 5059 A2E2  4888 33D4 3D85 4F96 B2E4
$ gpg --clearsign

You need a passphrase to unlock the secret key for
user: "Nick Gerakines ( <>"
4096-bit RSA key, ID 4F96B2E4, created 2013-06-15

9530 23D8 48C3 5059 A2E2  4888 33D4 3D85 4F96 B2E4

Hash: SHA256

9530 23D8 48C3 5059 A2E2  4888 33D4 3D85 4F96 B2E4

Version: GnuPG/MacGPG2 v2.0.22 (Darwin)
Comment: GPGTools -